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~Wine and Soil~
As an agricultural product, grapes show a breadth of characteristics from the place in which they are grown.
Starting from the ground up, the soil is the foundation that creates the backbone of any wine.
Alluvial (sand, clay, gravel, silt/loess, loam) soils are blends that have good water and nutrient retention. Throughout the world, these are the most prolific vine soils and a good place to look for more fruit-forward and juicy wines.
Sedimentary (limestone, sandstone, silex/flint) rock soils are made from solidified mineral or organic deposits. These soils work like a sponge, wicking water away and storing it. Highly valued in cool climates because of its heat reflection.
Metamorphic (slate, schist, gneiss) rock soils are formed under pressure from another type of rock. Retaining water and radiating heat the rocks contribute to ripening and develop flavor. Wines can have an underlying mineral quality.
Igneous (volcanic, basalt, pumice, granite) rock soils are formed by lava flows above and below the earth’s surface. Volcanic soil is formed from molten lava and ash deposited from the earth’s surface. Granite is a plutonic rock formed deep under the earth’s surface. Resulting wines are typically earthy, often savory and complex.